PERSGA launched a three days regional training workshop on “Assessment and Management of Marine Litter” during 6-8 February 2012 at its HQ in Jeddah. The workshop aimed at and assessing the status of marine litter monitoring and management in the coastal and marine environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden . It comes within the framework of PERSGA efforts to establish a regional monitoring program to reduce the impacts of marine litter in PERSGA region especially on coastal resources. The participants in the workshop delivered presentations on dimensions and management of the marine litter problem in their respective countries, and discussed the methodologies to evaluation and control in this type of waste;
Tourist facilities and recreational beaches are among the most important sources marine ltter in PERSGA region, in addition solid wastes dumped by the users of boats and ships passing the sea, which may reach the beaches or settle there on the sea bottom. Also soild wastes reach coastal and marine environment from urban and rural population centers along the coastal areas or close to it.
in addition to its impact on the marine ecosystem Marine litter has a negative impacts on the socio- economic and beauty of the beach,. for example Plastic Wastes remains for a very long period in water ( it might persist in sea water for hundreds of years ), and the plastic particles (Micro Plastics) easily reach the marine environment and accumulate in the tissues of marine life and cause major damage to living organisms. Also marine litters could be transferred easily from one place to another and over very long distances by wind and ocean currents, which requires a regional approach to manage and control the marine litter phenomenon.
PERSGA Secretary General Prof Ziad Abu Ghararah indicated in his opening address to the workshop that PERSGA is implementing a regional initiative to control the impacts of marine litter and supports efforts and measures carried out at the global level For example Annex V of MARPOL convention (1972), concerning the control of pollution by ships has addressed the solid waste and developed rules to control it. The Global Program of Action led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-GPA), has been adopted by 109 countries at the Washington conference in 1995. This Programs Aims to protect marine environment from land based sources of pollution, including control of marine litters through establishing a global partnership addressing this problem
The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden