15/10/2012 Compensation due to Environmental Pollution from Ships Through International Conventions
Incidents of dumping or spillage of ship cargo or ship bunker oil are usually associated with environmental damage. Impacts of such damage need to be assessed in order to evaluate the cost of 
(i) impact on the environment and damage extent
(ii) restoration activities needed to help recovery of the affected sites and
(iii) costs of affected groups whose jobs or investments are affected by the incident.
This has been the focus of a two day workshop carried out at the Center for Emergency Mutual Aid in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden in Hurghada Egypt during the days October 15th-16th 2012.

Objectives of the workshop included
(i) introduction to types of incidents, resulting damage and claim of compensation
(ii) discussion of response strategies that may lead to effective compensations and opposite responses (iii) introduction of international conventions on compensations in maritime incidents
(iv) need of national regulations for effective compensation claim and recovery. About twenty specialists from PERSGA countries participated in the workshop. Presentations have been facilitated by Dr. Hen Renken from ITOPF and Dr. Mohammad Badran From PERSGA. The workshop was highly interactive and provided and effective forum for exchange of experience between specialists from the different countries. The main framework for claiming compensation has been discussed and the major international converntions and protocols on the subject have been outlined. The issue of compensations versus fines has been tackeled. Most national legislation in the region give the judge to evaluate the fine depending on the severity of violation that caused the environmental damage.

Participants have made a number of recommendations. Major recommendations of the workshop were that PERSGA leads a regional effort on harmonizing claim procedures and compensation values in the region and organizes a training workshop for lawyers and judges in coastal cities as there aren’t well trained judiciary bodies in the region capable of handling such incidents effectively.   

The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden