The Environmental Importance of The Mangrove Trees
The Mangrove regions are considered to be one of the most important coastal system that improve the economic and environmental development of the coastal human communities. And also it is the most productive coastal system, which acts as a natural place for mating of several marine resources as same as birds. Also the mangrove regions acts as a unique habitat for several rare kinds of plants and marine resources, also it is protect the beaches that is live on, which resists operators resulted by the sea waves.
There are approximately 25 mangrove regions in the western egyptian coast and its area is more than 500 hectares. The Avicenia marina spreads most over of the region, and the Rhizophora mucronata in the south regions.
And because of the recognition of the mangrove trees by the organization, the project “The Environmental tourism and the development of mangrove trees” was implemented in Hamata region in Egypt, in collaboration with the ministry of environment in Egypt for saving mangrove regions from the harmful actions in the coastal regions in the red sea of Egypt. The project is created as a model that can be followed by other countries. The organization hopes the project is helping to disseminate the importance of the mangrove trees to the interested organizations and how to use its resources in a Sustainable environment and do not destroy the coastal environment that we are all should save and protect it.
Project area is the best area in Egypt because of healthy status of its environmental system , where the trees spread for a distance of 9-11 km and 500 meters width in some places. The mangrove tree covers the delta of Hamata valley that receives the floods coming from the Hamata mountain and the areas around it which provides a clean water sources for the mangrove trees.
The negative effects founds in the mangrove regions is grazing on the trees that growing near the land, also there is a development projects near the mangrove areas which needs a plans for protection before the increasing of the tourism development, where the general organization of the tourism development of Egypt plans the western areas as international tourism area, and the marina will be renewed to be able receive the boats that works in there.
The project mechanism and the output are as the following:
The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden