study for restoration of mangroves at Khor Angar

The Ministry of Housing, Urbanism, Environment and Land Use Planning (MHUEAT) in the Republic of Djibouti (MHUEAT) is planning to execute a GEF supported Project addressing adaptations to climate change impacts on coastal ecosystems and communities. In the framework of the project preparation activities, MHUEAT approached PERSGA to assist in conducting a study for mangrove restoration at Kohr Angar, on the basis of PERSGA’s previous assessment studies on mangroves of the region.In coodrination with MHUEAT, PERSGA conducted the study on restoration of Khor Angar mangroves, which is located on the northern Djiboutian coast, during May-June 2009. The objectives of the study included assessment of the current mangrove status, identifying root causes for the reported degradation and mangrove dry up in a significant parts of the forest, suggest Options for the planned mangrove restoration project, and evaluate the previous restoration efforts in the area. Khor Angar mangrove comprises one of the most extnsive mangrove areas in Djibouti. It supports three mangrove species, and so it is distinguished from other mangrove areas in the region that are characteristically monospecific, or infrequently support two mangrove species only. Mangrove stands at Khor Angar were included in previous regular mangrove assessments carried out by PERSGA in the region, which has provided signifiant data and information on the mangrove extent and condition. Considering this, the restoration study was based on review of inforamation available from the regional mangrove database at PERSGA; coducting a field survey to update inforamtion on the current status and identify possible restoration options; and discuss their feasibilities, applicability, effectiveness and sustainability through a series of meetings and discussions with national/ district authorities and local commuinity. Following the field investigation, the collected information and data were assorted and analyzed and the study report was developed. The report describes the current mangrove status and explains causes of mangrove degradation in the area. It also evaluates previous restoration efforts, specifies suitable sites for hydrological restorations and mangrove planting, suggests some measures for control of the increased siltation and protection of the mangroves; and provides some technical recommendations regarding the implementation approach and participation of the local community. The report also includes maps showing suggested sites for hydrological restoration and planting. Within the same subjectmatter, MHUEAT also suggested that PERSGA may later contribute to the project implementation through supporting and participation in activities related to PERSGA work; an accordance was reached that such activities are to be undertaken in the framework of PERSGA on-the-ground program activities in Djibouti. The project focuses on restoration of degraded coastal ecosystems, improving water management capacties, reducing risks from climate change impacts, and development of national adaptation strategy, plans and capacities.

The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden